This training was first offered February 24, 2012. It has since been reaccredited by the CLE Board. The content remains the same. Viewers who previously watched the video and claimed CLE and Judicial Education credit are not eligible for additional credit.

(Recorded Webinar February 24, 2012)

Strangulation has been identified as one of the most lethal forms of domestic violence: unconsciousness may occur within seconds and death within minutes. When domestic violence perpetrators choke (strangle) their victims, not only is this a felonious assault, but it may be attempted homicide. Strangulation is an ultimate form of power and control, where the batterer can demonstrate control over the victim’s next breath; having devastating psychological effects or a potentially fatal outcome.

Sober and conscious victims of strangulation will first feel terror and severe pain. If strangulation persists, unconsciousness will follow. Before lapsing into unconsciousness, a strangulation victim may resist vio-lently, which could lead to producing injuries of their own neck in an effort to claw off the assailant, and may also lead to producing injury on the face or hands to their assailant. These defensive injuries may not be present if the victim is physically or chemically restrained before the assault.  (Source:

Training Description: During this 1-1/4 hour session, Mr. Gwinn and Ms. Strack, both attorneys with specialized expertise in the identification, investigation, and documentation of strangulation in intimate partner violence cases, covered the following:

  • Findings from a study of 300 misdemeanor strangulation cases
  • Resources and handouts from the Strangulation Training Institute
  • Understanding the lethality of strangulation
  • Medical aspects of strangulation in surviving and non-surviving victims
  • Legal aspects of strangulation cases with surviving victims

This course is designed for all judicial officers and quasi-judicial officers. Note: Meets Core Competency "Judicial Knowledge" (JK)

Faculty: Casey Gwinn, J.D., and Gael Strack, J.D., National Family Justice Center Alliance

Continuing Education Credit: 1.5 CLE/CJE (Certificate of Attendance required to receive continuing legal/judicial education credit). NOTE: CLE credit for this course is approved through March 4, 2024, and will then be stale dated.